Agreement Between Ireland And Uk
The Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol contains an obligation to maintain the Common Travel Area (GCTA), which has existed since the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, for most of the period. The CTA allows the free movement of British and Irish citizens between the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man and provides access to various government services in each country. The Unionist Democratic Unionist Party and Ulster Unionist Party had previously supported the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, but opposed the withdrawal agreement because the Northern Ireland Protocol created additional barriers between Northern Ireland and Britain. While passport checks were proposed for travellers between Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland, the nature of possible identity checks between Britain and Northern Ireland was unclear. The result was controversy, with Northern Ireland part of the United Kingdom, with a major unionist calling the proposed rules „unbearable and absurd.“  The nature of identity checks between Northern Ireland and Great Britain has been characterized by the British Government: the CTA has been recognised throughout the negotiations between the EU and the UK, and the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (which is an integral part of the withdrawal agreement) is of the view that Ireland and the United Kingdom „can continue to enter into agreements between them on the movement of people between their territories“. The Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol ensures that there will be no control of goods crossing the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland will be required to adapt to the EU in certain areas, such as product requirements, agricultural rules and state aid. Northern Ireland will be subject to the EU ZOLL code, which will result in an effective transfer of the EU`s external customs border to the Irish Sea. It is therefore likely that additional controls are needed on goods moving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland. The agreement, which is the culmination of more than two years of work between the two governments, means that the rights of citizens of both countries will be protected after Brexit, while ensuring that Ireland continues to meet its obligations under EU law.